This text presents a clear and philosophically sound method for identifying, interpreting, and evaluating arguments as they appear in non-technical sources. It focuses on a more functional, real-world goal of argument analysis as a tool for figuring out what is reasonable to believe rather than as an instrument of persuasion. Methods are illustrated by applying them to arguments about different topics as they appear in a variety of contexts - e.g., newspaper editorials and columns, short essays, informal reports of scientific results, etc.
- Limba : Engleza
- Cuprins : (NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.)
I. CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS.1. Introduction.
Arguments. Reason, Rhetoric, and Argument Analysis. The Ways People Deal with Arguments. Impediments to Good Reasoning.2. Truth and Rationality.
Uses of Language. Truth and Correspondence to the Facts. Rational Belief.3. Well-Formed Arguments.
Argument Analysis. Well-Formed Arguments. Validity, Cogency, and the Truth Value of Premises.4. Strong Arguments.
Deductive Strength. Inductive Strength.
II. THE METHOD OF ARGUMENT ANALYSIS.5. Reconstructing Arguments.
Argument Reconstruction and the Principle of Charity. Distinguishing Arguments from Non-Arguments. Identifying Premises and Conclusions. General and Specific Premises. Adding Implicit Premises.6. Details of Argument Reconstruction.
Improper Wording. Missing Premises. Including Unnecessary Premises.7. Evaluating Arguments.
Basic Rules o
- Data Publicarii : 1999
- Editie : 2
- Format : Paperback
- Numar pagini : 462
- ISBN : 9780136246022